According to a new study, the number of white-collar jobs in Hollywood has skyrocketed over the past decade, while the number of blue-collar jobs has declined

There is greater demand for knowledge-intensive “white-collar” jobs in Hollywood than there was 10 years ago, while the number of manual “blue-collar” jobs in the Los Angeles entertainment industry is declining, according to a study released Thursday.

According to Otis College's creative economy report, “Die Another Day: Hollywood in the Age of Streaming,” “white collar” knowledge workers are defined as those who are “paid primarily to generate ideas, perform analysis, or create artistic content,” while “blue collar” workers are employed across the entertainment industry in areas such as transportation, cleaning, landscaping, and construction.

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The study found that creatives and managers, who fall into the category of knowledge workers, made up 59% of all entertainment jobs in 2013, but that number rose to 66% in 2022. Creatives made up 44% of all entertainment workers in 2013, but that number is expected to rise to 49% in 2022, while the share of managers rose from 14% to 17% of all jobs. During this period, the share of “specialists” in the industry rose from 10% to 13%.

Overall, in 2022, eight out of ten jobs in Hollywood were classified as white collar creatives, managers and specialists; in 2013, this figure was seven out of ten jobs.

In addition, the share of employees with college degrees in the entertainment industry has increased from 46% in 2000 to 68% in 2022 – a radical change for an industry that was once a fertile source of jobs for workers without college degrees.

As the shift from blue-collar to white-collar workers has occurred, the industry has also seen changes in racial diversity. The study says that “the share of white workers in the industry” has declined from 2013 to 2022, “while the share of all other racial groups has increased.” The share of white creative workers fell from 71% in 2013 to 60% in 2022, while the share of black creative workers rose from 5% to 9%. The share of white managers fell from 65% in 2013 to 58% in 2022, while the share of Hispanic managers rose 13% to 21%.

The study finds that these changes were already increasing before the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the Hollywood union strikes in 2023, suggesting a longer-term turnaround in the entertainment industry.

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